The Pacific: 1941-1945

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The early Pacific was a disaster for the United States. Caught unprepared as a country, the best the outnumbered soldiers on the ground could do was try and contain Japan until Washington DC regrouped.      

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Early Pacific at sea:

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Paul G. Gosnell, 27. 2515 Washington St. Gunner’s Mate. USS Shaw, US Marine Corps. Killed during Pearl Harbor attack. First Delawarean killed in World War Two.

Thomas Marvel. 40. Chief’s Machinist Mate, USS Houston. Enlisted in Navy in 1926. Killed when ship sunk by Japanese torpedo in battle of Sundra Straight. Only 368 of 1061 onboard survived to be taken into enemy captivity for duration of war.

Charles L. Caulk. 29. Linden Street.  Salesianum High School. Killed at battle for Guadalcanal when USS Juneau sunk.   One of two brothers to be killed in the war. 

William A. Holt. 24. 1209 W. 7th St. Wilmington High School. University of Pennsylvania. Dupont Company.  Lt, Junior grade. USS Orleans, Navy. Lost at sea November 30th 1942 when ship hit by Japanese torpedo.

Jack G. Smyth. 25. Dupont Company. Lt, Jr Grade. USS Duncan. Killed in action during running battle with Japanese during Solomon Islands campaign. 63 men killed, 2 survivors.

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Charles E. Durney. 22. 915 South Broom. Wilmington High School. Shipfitter, 2nd Class.  USS LST-469. Ship was part of convoy from Sydney to Brisbane that was hit by Torpedo on June 16th 1943 with 26 killed.

William C. Wilhelm. 2403 Elliot. Brown Vocational High School. Seaman 2nd Class, USS Gwin. Hit by Japanese torpedo near Kolombangara on July 13 1943. All 59 onboard killed.

Gorden Hoover. 28. Westover Hills. Yale University class of 1939. 1st Lt Jr grade, USS Cisco. Submarine sank by Japanese aircraft in South China Sea on September 28 1943. Only 1 survivor.

Richard L. Britton. 25. 505 Brandywine Boulevard. Lt Jr Grade. USS Capellin. Lost at sea near Australia December 15 1943. Capellin disapeared while on patrol and never heard from again. “Gone without a trace, with all her crew, Capellin remains in the list of ships lost without a known cause.”

Stephen Baran. 29. Southbridge. Palmer School. Cork Insulation Company. USS Corvina. On maiden war patrol, Corvina hit by torpedo on November 16th 1943 fired by Japanese Sub I-176, all 82 killed. 

Aaron Martin. 33. Philadelphia Pike. Seamen First Class. Killed in “while on a special mission with a construction battalion” in Vella La Vella Islands November 5th 1943.

 

Army and Marines 1941-1943: 

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Richard P. Richards. 24. 2601 W. 17th St. Tower Hill School. Enlisted in Marine Corps upon graduation from Williams College in 1941. 1st Lieutenant, 1st Marine Division. Killed during battle of Guadalcanal on 13 October 1942. Son of Vice President of Atlas Powder Company.

James W. Smith. 27. 103 W. 17th St. Wilmington High School. Dravo Corporation. Staff Sergeant, 30th Bomber Group, Air Force.  Killed in action on November 19th 1943 “when the bomber to which he was assigned as radio operator and gunner crashed as a result of combat damage in landing after a bomber mission in the Pacific.” 

Robert L. Coleman. 23. 1209 Gilpin Avenue. PS Dupont High School. Captain, 43rd Bomber Group. Swim instructor at Central YMCA. Killed December 3rd 1943 on a bombing mission in a B-24 bomber while serving as Commanding Officer of 63rd bomb squadron of the 43rd Bomber group stationed in New Guinea.  

Anthony F. Testa. 20. 220 Woodlawn Avenue. St. Thomas Parochial School. Killed in action during an enemy air raid while he was serving with Headquarters and service company, 871st Airborne Engineer battalion. 

Harold E. Hobson. 28. 119 Broom. Sergeant, 103rd Infantry division. Killed in action in Pacific, July 15 1943.

 

P.O.W. Casualties:

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Lawrence P. Traynor Jr. 21. Wilmington High School. 2100 W. 6th St. Private, Coastal Artillery Unit. Captured at Corregidor in 1942 and died as POW on May 27th 1945.

Martin Eisenman. 200 W. 37th St. Wilmington High School. Sergeant 24th Pursuit Group – Air Force. Died while POW on September 7th 1944 when unmarked Japanese prison ship was sank by a US submarine.

William H. Marvel. 29.  Wilmington Lst Lt, Army. Captured at Corregidor in 1942.   Died in the sinking of a Japanese prison boat December 1944. 

Robert W. Callaway. 31. University of Delaware class of 1935. Captain 60th Coastal Artillery Regimen. Captured at Corregidor. Died while POW on May 17th 1945.

Francis H. Williams. 39. 205 S. Jackson. Graduate of Wilmington High School ‘1924’ and the US Naval Academy. “Frequently boxed at the Central YMCA.” Major, US Marine Corps. Captured at Corregidor. Died in POW camp in March 1945. Served in Marines for 14 years.

Louis E. Roemer. 45. 1002 Madison. Wilmington High School. University of Delaware. Lt- col, Army. Died of starvation January 21 1945 on a Japanese prison ship off Formosa, having been a captive since the fall of Bataan. 22 year Army veteran.

James Holmes. 29. 929 Shallcross. Sergeant, Army. Died of illness in Japanese POW camp on November 19th 1943 after being captured at Corregidor.

William J. Dunmyer. 36. E. 40th St. Major, US Army. Died in the bombing of a Japanese POW ship on December 15th 1944 after having been taken prisoner in the fall of Bataan in April 1942 while serving as Assistant, G-3, South Luzon Force.

 

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First Delaware Soldier Killed in the War: 

Harry Fineman. 24. 803 N. Van Buren. Wilmington High School. Allied Kid Company. Sergeant, 59th Coastal Artillery Regiment. Lost his life on April 12th 1942 during  the Japanese attack on Corregidor. 

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As the first Soldier from Delaware killed during the war, a special Ceremony was conducted for Sergt. Fineman in Rodney Square: 

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Marines and Army in ground combat, 1944-1945:

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Anthony J. Monico. 21. 215 W. 4th St. Wilmington High School. Sergeant, 4th Tank Battalion, 4th Marine Division. Killed in action in Marshall Islands February 2nd 1944 while serving in a tank ordinance unit.

George T. Jones. 24. 1405 Gilpin Avenue. KIA on February 22nd 1944 in Marshall Islands. 7 year veteran of Marine Corps.

George H. Hudson. Blackshire Road, Wawaset Park. Private, 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. KIA in Pacific June 12th 1944.

John M. Urbanski. 20. 1203 Sycamore St. Apprentice printer at The News Journal. Private First Class, 25th Marine Regiment, 4th Marine Division. Died in combat on June 16th 1944 at Saipan.

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Benjamin S. Steelman. 19. 911 E. 26th St. Pharmacist Mate Second Class 2nd Battalion, 4th Marine Division. KIA at Marianas Islands July 10th 1944.

Paul L. Caulk. 24. Wilmington High School. Sergeant, 3rd Marine Division. KIA in Guam July 22nd 1944 “while serving as a platoon section leader in Company L of the Third Marine Division. Brother killed in Pacific in 1942.

Fred T. Griskevich. 25. 822 Church St. Pullman Company. Private, 32nd Infantry Division. Died of typhus in Pacific July 31st 1944.

Michael C. Guida. 31. Wilmington High School.  404 W. 3rd St. Private, 211st Coastal Artillery. KIA in the Philippines while serving with the 211th Coast Artillery Battalion on December 12th 1944.

John J. Madison. 24. 633 W. 3rd St. Wilmington High School. 1st Lt. Army. Died of wounds from fighting in Pacific on September 29th 1944.

George M. Searle. 19. PS Dupont High School. Killed on October 11th 1944 “of illness contracted while participating as a member of the Fifth Amphibious Marine Division in the invasion of the Marianas Islands.”

John A. Mlynarczyk. 25. 605. S. Harrison St. St. Hedwig’s Parish School. Pusey and Jones. Corporal, 382nd Infantry regiment, 96th Infantry Division. KIA while serving with an Anti-Tank company, 382nd Infantry, 96th division.

Richard W. Gray. 2700 Tatnall. Wilmington High School. Swim instructor at Central YMCA. Private, 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. Killed in action at Saipan July 10th 1944.

James H. Rentz. 20. 2517 Washington St. PS Dupont High School. Chemist, Hercules Power Company. Private, 1st class 20th Marine regiment, 4th Marine Division. Killed in action at Saipan, Marianas Islands on July 20th 1944.

 

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William M. Maskers. 22. 821 E. 26th St. Assistant manager of Golf course. Corporal, Marines. Killed on Guam September 11th 1944.

John W. Herstine. 28. 2700 Broom St. Lehigh University. Hercules Powder Company. Captain, Infantry Army. Killed in action in China on September 12th 1944. “Only US officer in large force of Chinese troops”

James G. Campbell. 26. Graduate of St. Paul’s Parochial School and Salesianum High School. Sergeant, US Marine Corps. Killed September 19th 1944 while serving in a tank battalion at the battle of Pallaleiu.

Charles A. Bennet. 39. 3004 Washington St. Master Sergeant, Army. 14 year Army Veteran. Killed in a vehicle accident while serving as a radio operator with B-29 Super Fortress Units in India on November 15th 1944.

Lawrence A. Dougherty. 32. 1620 Lancaster Avenue. Manager of Meat department, American Store, 4th and Madison. Staff Sergeant, 305th Infantry regiment, 77th Infantry Division. KIA in Leyte on December 13th 1944.

 

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Joseph N. Faulker. Allied Kid Company. Private First Class 305th infantry regiment, , 77th Infantry Division. Killed in action at Leyte December 18th 1944.

Dominic A. Facciolo. 23. 1306 French St. St. Paul’s Parochial School. Electric Hose and Rubber. Private, 307th Infantry regiment, 77th Infantry Division. KIA at Leyte December 23rd 1944.

Raymond W. Birch. 25. 623 E. 23rd St. PS Dupont High School. Goldey College. Accountant, Interstate Amnesite Company. Private, 188th Glider Infantry. 11th Airborne Division. KIA at Luzon February 1st 1945. Scout leader….”enthusiastic stamp collector and had sent stamps home.”

Benjamin Morris. 27. 1300 Dupont St. St. Thomas Parochial School. Pusey and Jones. Killed in explosion in the Philippines, March 1945.

Maxwell Case, Jr. 28. 2300 block Monroe. KIA on February 26th 1945 on Corregidor while serving as an intelligence scout with the 542nd Parachute Infantry.

Kenneth O. LaRosch. 23. 215 W. 24th St. PS Dupont High School. University of Delaware. Hercules Powder Company. Technician 5th grade, 19th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division Killed in action in Philippines May 13th 1945 while serving as a Scout attached to a headquarters company.

Russell T. Crawford. 42. 623 W. 3rd St. Lt, 742nd Anti-Aircraft Gun Battalion. Enlisted in regular Army in 1920. Killed in New Guinea on May 5th 1945 in an airplane accident while serving with the 76th Infantry.

 

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Arthur L. Casson. 31. Dravo Corporation. Private First Class, 4th Marine Division. Killed at Iwo Jima February 19th 1945.

Stephen J. Sobiech. 23. 920 Elm. Brandywine Fibre Co. Sergeant. Killed at Iwo Jima on February 19th 1945 “while serving with the 4th Marine Division as a platoon leader operating an amphibious tractor.” Brother killed 3 months later while also serving in the Pacific.

George M. Strong. 25. PS Dupont High School. Dupont Co. Edgemoor Plant – foreman for 5 years. Private, 4th Marine Division. Killed at Iwo Jima February 23rd 1945.

Russell Keen Jr. 22. 831 Washington St. Brown Vocational High School. Baldwin Locomotive Plant. Gunnery Sergeant 4th Marine Division. KIA at Iwo Jima on February 25th 1945. Awarded a medal for heroism in 1944 campaign:

Peter J. Jurski. 23. 712 Warner St. Private First Class, 3rd Marine Division. Killed at Iwo Jima on February 28th 1945.

William D. Veasey Jr. 22. 1100 S. Broom. Killed in action at Iwo Jima, March 2nd 1945. Had only served nine months from the point of induction into military to being at Iwo Jima.

Charles E. Young Jr. 21. 702 N. Harrison. Brown Vocational ’42.’ Hercules Experimental Station. Killed in action March 8th 1945 on Iwo Jima by mortar fire while on mine-clearing and demolition duty while serving with 4th Engineering regiment, 4th Marine division.

 

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Robert Durnan. 18 Faulkland Road. AI Dupont School. Private First Class 4th Marine Division. Killed at Iwo Jima by a Japanese sniper on March 10th 1945.

Wallace R. West Jr. 22. 1230 King St. Brown Vocational High School. Sun Shipbuilding Co, Chester. Private 4th Marine Division. KIA at Iwo Jima on March 11th 1945.

George W. Pierson. 19. Brown Vocational High School. Private first class, 182nd Infantry Division. KIA March 5th 1945 “by rifle fire on Leyte, Phillippine Islands while serving with the “American” Division.

Thaddeus J Piorkowski. 33. 905 Church St. Allied Kid Company. Private First Class, Infantry Army. Killed in Phillipines March 28th 1945 of wounds received the previous day at Luzon, Philippines.

Joseph F. Maczynski. 24. 111 Bird St. Allied Kid / Ace Theater. Private First Class, 145th Infantry Regiment 37th Infantry. Killed in combat in Philippines February 12th 1945.

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Henry J. Sklodowski. 21. 206 8th Avenue. Private 1st Class, 32nd Infantry Division – Army. Killed on April 5th 1945 at Okinawa.

Jacob D. Mariane. 20. Shipley Road PS Dupont High School. Worked on family farm. Private First Class Paratroops – Army. Killed at Okinawa on April 25th 1945.

John M. Mendinhall. 24. Wilmington Friends School. 1st Lt 4th Marines. Lost at sea near Okinawa on May 31st 1945 as a result of a plane crash at sea off Bolo Point, Okinawa while serving as an aviator on a fighter plane.

Robert R. Hogan. 504 Delaware Avenue. Private 29th Marine Regiment, 6th Marine Division. Killed at Okinawa on June 11th 1945 while serving as a machine gunner.

George Lutz. 24. Vandaveer Avenue. St. Patrick’s Parochial School. Warner Jr HS. US Navy. Killed while detonating a mine in the Aleutian Islands as member of a demolition squad.


Air Corps, Pacific: 1944 and 1945

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Daniel P. O’Donnell. 24. 502 N. Clayton. Salesianum High School. Ursuline Academy. Captain, Air Force, killed in line of duty in Australia March 7th 1944. Newspaper noted efforts following fall of Corregidor to make a 7,000 mile trip with rescue plane to bring 35 US soldiers from Phillipines to Australia.

Charles N. Wagner. 23. 2300 Harrison St. 2nd Lt, 28th Bomber Group. Killed in action November 15th 1944 while returning from a bombing mission near Attu, Aleutian Islands over Paramishura, Kurile Islands while serving as a pilot of a B-25 bomber of the 77th bomber squadron. Son of assistant super intendent of Wilmington Public Schools.

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Joseph A. Dugan. 25. 2001 W. 4th Wilmington High School. Attended Wharton School. 1st Lt 58th Fighter Group. P-47 Thunderbolt Pilot. Killed in action near Phillipines on January 10th 1945. Newspaper reports that plane hit by Japanese and crew made attempt made to bail out but parachute would not open.

Edward V. Atwell. 24. 1900 Delaware Avenue. Wilmington High School class of 1939. 2nd Lt. Killed in plane crash in Pacific in 1945.

John Nickols Jr. 25. Sun Oil Co. Staff Sergeant, 875th Bomber Squadron. 498th Bomber group. KIA February 10th 1945.

Stanley B. Exar. 21. PS Dupont High School. Engineering student at UD when called up. Aviation Machinist 3rd Class 17th Bomber Squadron. Killed in action on July 1st 1945.

Ralph B. Johnson. 25. Wawaset Park. Lehigh University. Captain India-China Wing -Air Trans Command. Killed in action July 18th 1945.

Holstein Harvey III. 29. 1611 W. 16th St. Tower Hill School. Harvard. 2nd Lt. 27th Infantry Division. Army Air Force. Killed in action in Saipan.

George J. Chadick. Hedgeville. Wilmington High School. James Watson & Sons Company. Lt. Jr Grade Navy. Killed in combat near China on June 24th 1945.

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Navy, 1944 to 1945:

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Henry T. Irwin Jr. 28. Wawaset Park. PS Dupont High School. Yale University. Lt Commander. KIA on April 1944 when the submarine U.S.S. Tullibee “failed to return from patrol duty.”

Charles A. Wicker. 35. Central YMCA. Dupont Company – research chemist. Lt, 14th Naval District. Killed by accident on April 12th 1944 in line of duty while serving as an officer in charge aboard a ship of the 14th Naval District.

Benjamin S. Steelman. 19. East 26th St. Pharmacist’s Mate. US Navy. Killed in action July 1944 in the Marianas Islands.

Anthony F. Rybinski. 22. 103 Cedar St. Hedwig’s Parochial School. Hearn Brothers – store room. Seamen First Class. KIA August 11th 1944 in “airplane crash aboard the U.S.S. Hancock to which he was attached.”

Edmund L. Nawrocki. 20. 733 Maryland Avenue. NVF Plant. Advance Ordinanceman second class, USS Bellau Wood. KIA in Pacific on October 30 1944 when a Japanese Kamikaze was shot down before hitting ship but landed on the deck causing extensive fired and ammunition to explode, killing 92 men on board.

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William E. Taylor. 20. 1014 W. 3rd St. Watertender 2nd Class, USS Hoel – Navy. Ship sunk, 86 survivors, 253 dead after running battle with Japanese ships near Leyte on October 25th 1944.

John Horlick. 24. 803 Augusta Road. Tower Hill School; Ensign, USS Aulick. One of 31 killed when 6 Japanese planes attached the ship in a coordinated attack on November 29th 1944.

Stanley Cieszynski. 22. 325 S. Jackson. St. Hedwig’s Parochial School. NVF Factor. Coxswain, USS Monaghan, Navy. Ship sunk by Typhoon storm December 18th 1944 leaving only six survivors.



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Joseph G. Smith Jr. 18. 2310 Carter. PS Dupont High School. Seamen First Class, SS Henry Knox. Lost at Sea January 5th 1945.

Charles H. Norton Jr. 21. 108 E. 23rd St. PS Dupont High School. Atlas Powder Company. Ensign, USS Cowpens. Killed in Pacific January 7th 1945.

Edward F. O’Neill Jr. 24. Woodcrest. Conrad High School ’37’ American Car and Carriage Company. Chief Pharmacists Mate, USS Palmer – Navy. Ship sunk in battle with Japanese on January 7th 1945.

John J. Brown. 36. 808 W. 6th St. Salesianum High School. Allied Kid Co. Ship Cook 2nd Mate USS Bismark. Lost at Sea February 21st 1945. Ship sunk by Japanese suicide bombers on 21 February 1945 killing 318 men.

John F. Hetzler. 19 1903 Elm American Car and Foundry Co Seamen First Class USS Wasp. Killed on March 19th 1945 when ship hit by 500 pound armor piercing bomb, killing 102 crewman.

Nicholas J. Perillo. 19. 506 Washington St. Salesianum High School. American Car and Foundry Company. Seamen First Class USS Franklin Pacific. One of 764 crewman killed when Japanese Suicide bomber slammed into ship on March 19th 1945.

John Bryant. 19. Southbridge. Howard High School. Eastern Malleable Iron Company Steward’s Mate First Class USS Gilmer. Killed off Okinawa on March 26th 1945 when a Japanese kamikaze hit his ship.

Robert C. Miller. 20. 1201 Read. Wilmington High School. Benjamin Shaw Company. Signalman Third Class USS O’Brien. Killed near Okinawa on March 27th 1945 when Japanese suicide bomber slammed into ship killing 50 men.

Henry M. Demenchuck. US Navy. New Castle Avenue, Southbridge. Killed on May 4th 1945 when Japanese suicide bomber flew into and sunk USS Luce.

Stanley B. Exar. 21. PS Dupont – Engineering student at UD when called up. Aviation Machinist 3rd Class 17th Bomber Squadron. Killed in action on July 1st 1945.

Ralph B. Johnson. 25. Wawaset Park. Lehigh University. Captain India-China Wing -Air Trans Command. Killed in action July 18th 1945.

Edward J. Radka. 20. 1215 Elm St. Signalman Third Class. One of 124 killed onboard USS Underhill when sunk by Japanese torpedo on July 24th 1945.

Adam J. Sobiech. 29. 820 Elm St. Brandywine Fibre Company. Seaman 1st Class USS Underhill – Navy. Lost at sea in Phillipines on July 24th 1945. Brother and brother in law also killed in war.

John Bruce Gibson. 908 Poplar. Steward’s Mate Second Class USS Callaghn – Navy Pacific – KIA on July 28th 1945.

Thomas F. Naylor. Jr 46 St Mary’s Parochial School. Chief Machinist’s Mate USS Tadcen Navy. Died 1945 in Pacific. Was a veteran of the First World War. Had the chance to retire but chose to stay on for WW2.

William F. Jones. 23 417 S. Broom. Brown Vocational High School. Pusey and Jones Torpedoman’s Mate – 2nd Class USS Zellars. Killed off Okinawa on April 12th 1945. Paper notes that in his last letter home he wrote on April 3rd that “If you read up on the news, you will know where I am.”

Richard F.Grace. 20 2203 Harrison Archmere Academy Fireman Second Class USS Lagarto – Navy. Lost at sea on May 4th 1945 when Submarine sunk by a Japanese Depth charge, all onboard killed.

Armando J. Ciabattoni. 25 512 Rodman St. Dravo Company. Fireman First Class USS Bunker Hill Pacific. KIA on May 11th 1945 when ship hit by Japanese Kamakaze plane.

Anthony G. Daniello. 20 1714 Rodney Bond Manufactering Company. Seamen First Class USS Indianapolis. Lost at Sea on July 30th 1945. Worked as a caddy at Wilmington Country Club.

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Harry Hickey. 21. Bellefonte. Lost at sea with the sinking of the USS Indianapolis, July 30th 1945.  Four weeks after giving a talk about the Pacific War while on leave at the Brandywine Hundred Fire Hall: 

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Paving the way for D-Day: Air and Sea in Europe

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From Hollywood one might get the impression that the war began with D-Day, but a major invasion of the heart of Nazi-occupied Western Europe was impossible until two major German advantages were eliminated:

A.  The Luftwaffe’s total aerial control over Europe’s skies and

B.  German Navy’s total dominance of the North Atlantic

Unless the Atlantic was cleared of the U-Boat menace, the US couldn’t get large numbers of troops to Europe.  Without air superiority,  landing ships trying to cross the English channel would have been impossible.

At enormous cost the US and Allies achieved those vital objectives. At least 80 Wilmington residents would lose their lives fighting in the European air and naval war.

 

Army Air Corps Campaign Vs German Luftwaffe 1943-1945

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Jonathan S. Land. Sergeant, 303rd Bomber Group. Killed in crash at Bay of Biscay at St. Nazaire, France during raid on January 3rd 1943 while serving in 303rd Bomber Group.

Carles D. Sharpless. 29. 1703 Pennsylvania Avenue. Wilmington High School. 97th Bomber Squadron, Air Force. Killed in action in North Africa, April 7 1943.

Marc F. Pitts.  22. Wilmington High School.  Lt. Bombardier on a Flying Fortress.  “One of 26 planes that failed to return from a raid on U-Boat bases at Bremen and Kiel, June 1943.”

Gordon M. Goldstein.  PS Dupont High School. 200 block W. 17th. Killed in action July 7th 1943 during raid on German islands in the North Sea. First of two brothers to be killed in the war.

Willard M. Parker. 23. PS Dupont High School. Staff Sergeant, 305th Bomber Group, US Air Force. Died while POW in Holland. July 23 1943.

William F. Coll. Edgemoor Gardens.  KIA August 1 1943 in the Meditareanean area while serving as an aerial engineer and top turret gunner on a B-24 Liberator with 8th Air Force.

Thomas J. McCormick. 22. 1320 W. 3rd. Killed in accident while serving with US Army Air Corps in Europe.

Alfred D. Warner. 29. 1001 Broom St. Tower Hill School. Accountant, Warner Company. 99th Bomber Group. Died in North Africa September 26 1943.

Carl J. Dellose. 21. 402 Union. Brown Vocational High School. Dravo Corporation. Sergeant, 446th Bomber Group. KIA on December 20th 1943 while serving as a turret gunner on a Flying Fortress based in Bungay, England.

Paul E. Hayden. 31. 861 Bennet. National Vulcanized Fibre Factory. Sergeant, Air Force. Lost over the Meditaranean Sea on November 27 1943 while aboard a transport sunk by enemy action.

William A. Rittenhouse. 24. 1237 Lobdell St. Sergeant US Army.
Lost over the Meditaranean Sea on November 27 1943.

George H. Guild. 19. 211 W. 35th St. PS Dupont High School. Staff Sergeant, Air Force. Killed October 22 1943.

William Patterson. Wilmington High School. University of Pennsylvania. 2nd Lt, Air Force. Died from illness contracted in North Africa, December 31st 1943.

 

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Edwin R. Manchester. 26. 807 Berkely Rd, Westover Hills. University of Delaware. Captain, 381st Bomber Group. Eagle Scout. Killed presumably over Bremen Germany on October 18 1943 while serving as pilot of the B-17 bomber TS and Deputy Group leader of the 8th Air Force. One month earlier, won Distinguished Flying Cross for heroism under fire:

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Charles K. Goldstein. PS Dupont High School.  Technical Sergeant, Airforce. Killed in action during raid while serving as radio operator on a bomber over Flensburg Germany, January 4th 1944. Brother killed 5 months earlier also while serving in Air Corps.

Stephen S. Rydel. Maryland Avenue. Radio bomber on a B-24. Killed in action in Italy on January 16th 1944.

William J. Harden. 22. 1507 Van Buren. Salesianum High School.  University of Delaware. 455th Bomber Group Air Force.  KIA while serving as a bombardier/navigator of a B-24 Liberator based in Foggia, Italy with 737th squadron, 454th group.

George J. Murphy. 23. Woodcrest. Brown Vocational High School. KIA over Italy on February 14th 1944 while serving with 15th Air Force while serving as a waist gunner on a Flying Fortress over Northern Italy.

Henry R. Winston. 315 W. 27th. KIA March 6th 1944 while serving as a bombardier in mission over Yugoslavia.

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Pierson Lemoyne. 38. Corporal, 2nd Flying Group. Air Force. Lost at sea over Atlantic. March 9th 1944.

Walter R. Crowl. 24. 1412 Van Buren. 2nd Lt, KIA while on B-17 over Bulgaria on March 30th. Based out of Italy.  Graduate of PS Dupont High School.

 

 

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This cartoon mocked the “downgraded” Luftwaffe as of March 1944 but gave a deceptive sense of optimism to those back home, especially with a relative in the Air Corps.  While it was true that the Luftwaffe may not have been able to stop carpet bombing of German territory, the Air war had actually  became more dangerous for Allied Fliers. 

Because the Germans had less territory to defend they could move their Anti-Aircraft crews into more condensed defensive formations and inflicted huge casualties on Allied Air CrewsAt least 35 Wilmington Airmen would lose their lives in the battle over Europe after this cartoon was published.

 

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Clayton Jones. 27. 616 King. US Army Air Force. KIA along with several fellow airmen on April 16th 1944 at an airfield in Allied Italy “putting out a fire on a bomber that had crashed while loaded with ammunition.”

Clarence S. Outten. 24. 909 W. 9th St. Staff Sergeant. 460th Bomber Group. Killed in aerial combat in Yugoslavia. April 23rd 1944.

George J. Bacher. 29. Wilmington High School. International Harvesting Company. 489th bomber Squadron/ 340th Bomber Group -Air Force. Died of wounds in Corsica, May 13th 1944 “from wounds received in the bombing of an airfield on Corsica where he was a ground crewman with the 489th Bomb Squadron, 340th Bomb Group of the Army Air Forces (Mitchell, B-25, medium bomber group).”

Gerald F. Farren. 19. 1108 W. 6th St. Brown Vocational High School. Sergeant. 398th Bomber Group. Killed during raid on Berlin Germany May19th 1944 while serving as a waist gunner and assistant radio operator on a B-17 Flying Fortress with the 600th Bomb squadron based in England. First reported POW then determined to be KIA.

Norman F. Taylor. 26. 2516 Tatnall. 2nd Lt. 449th Bomber Group. Killed January 30th 1944 at Modena Italy while serving as navigator of a B-24 bomber of the 15th Air Force.

Clyde H. Breckinridge. 20. 2607 Madison St. PS Dupont High School. Dravo Corporation. 492nd Bomber Group – Air Force. KIA May 19th 1944 over Hanover, Germany, while serving as a gunner-mechanic on a B-24 Liberator while returning from a raid. Served with 857th Squadron, 492nd group of 8th Air Force.

Clinton F. Schoolmaster. 24. PS Dupont High School. University of Delaware. Major. 8th Air Force. “MIA over Europe since May 2 1944 when he was in command of a Liberator Squadron assigned to the 8th Air Force based in England.

James Whitehead. PS Dupont High School. Yale University. Sergeant. 388th Bomber Group. Tail gunner on Flying Fortress.  KIA over Rostock Germany April 11th 1944 while serving with 363rd Bomber squadron, 388th bomber group.

Howard Willis. 20. PS Dupont High School. 17 E. 23rd. Staff Sergeant, 15th Airforce. KIA over Bolgna  Italy. Waist gunner on B-24. First News Journal Employee killed in War.

B.J. Russell. 21. Woodcrest. Window painter at Wilmington Dry Goods.  Killed June 9th 1944 above Munich Germany while serving with the 15th Air Force in Italy.

John Dengler. 26. Dupont Company – accounting department. 1st Lt. 483rd Bomber Group. KIA in Italy June 13th 1944 while serving as a co-pilot of a B-24 Liberator Bomber.   June 13th 1944.

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Francis Van Veen. Staff Sergeant, 467th Bomber Group. KIA in a raid near Oschersleben Germany June 19th 1944 when the B-24 bomber to which he was assigned as a gunner and radio operator was destroyed by anti-aircraft fire while on a bombing mission with the 8th Air Force in England.

Lester D. Warren. 29. 200 E. 27th St. Newark HS; University of Delaware. Dupont Company. Staff Sergeant 44th Bomber Group – Air Force. KIA over France while serving as aerial gunner with 506th bomber squadron, 44th bombardment group, 8th Air Force,  June 27th 1944.

George H. Devine. 35. 1333 Clayton St. Insurance Broker.  Staff Sergreant. 492nd Bomber Groupd.  Tail gunner on a B-24 Liberator.  Killed over North Sea on June 18th 1944.

Linford Eastburn. 32. Wilmington High School. 489th Bomber Group – Air Force. KIA July 7th 1944 in a plane crash in the North Sea while serving as an aerial gunner aboard a B-24 aircraft which failed to return from a strategic bombing mission over Aschersleben German.  8th Air Force, Halesworth England.

Casmir Blaska. 25. 3200 block Jefferson. Salesianum High School. University of Delaware. Lt. Killed over Germany, July 8th 1944.  Killed on 11th mission.

Charles E. Banning. 22. 507 W. 26th St. Graduate of PS Dupont High School.  Staff Sergeant, US Army 8th Air Force. 507 W. 26th.  KIA on July 11th 1944 after crashing in the English Channel while returning from a raid over Munich.

John H. Fredd Jr. 21. 1110 Woodlawn Ave. Dupont Company. 1st Lt. 450th Bomber Group.  B-24 Bomber Pilot.  Killed over Germany, July 19th 1944.

Theodore E. Hearne. 23. 115 W. 25th St. Flight officer, Air Force. Killed in action whiile on a combat mission in the Mediterranean area July 20th 1944.

Marvin Weiner. 22. PS Dupont High School. 201 W. 20th St. 1st Lt, 365th Fighter Group. Killed  in action over the English Channel while serving as the pilot of a P-47 on strafing and escort duty July 23rd 1944.

Donald D. Robinson. 2300 block Locust. Staff Sergeant, US Army Air Corps. KIA on July 25th 1944 over Linz Germany while serving as a radio operator on a B-24 bomber based

Harry First. 28. 412 S. Franklin. 1st Lt. 461st Bomber Group. Navigator on B-24. Killed over Linz, Austria July 26th 1944.

Louis DiMartino. 722 Douglass St.  Brown Vocational High School.  Welder at Harlan Plant of Bethlehem Steel.  Killed on July 26th 1944.

 

Recruiting Add in Wilmington Newspaper July 1944: 

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Harry Hinkson. 21. 1022 Monroe. Wilmington High School ’41.’ Sergeant, 487th bomber group. Killed over Germany. August 5th 1944.

Joseph D. Hall. 20. 1819 W. 16th St. Wilmington High School ’42’. Goldey College. Hercules Powder Co. Staff Sergeant. 91st Bomber Group. Ball turret gunner on B-24. Killed over Germany August 18th.

John B. Punte. 20. 1423 Stapler Place. WIlmintgon High School ’42.’ St’s Ann’s Grade school. Staff Sergreant. 401st. KIA over Germany September 9th 1944.

Edwin T. Kriesel. 20. 1804 Delaware Avenue. Wilmington High School ’42.’ Staff Sergeant. 401st Bomber Group. Turret gunner on a Flying Fortress….completed 20 missions. Killed in skies over France August 8th 1944.

Douglas Beatson. 25.  2309 Pine. Staff Sergeant. 18th Bomber Squadron. KIA October 16th 1944.

Phillip M. Carlon. 29. 2430 W. 18th St. Wilmington High School. Dupont Company – Experimental Station. Sergeant 15th Airforce. Ball turret Gunner. KIA in Italy. October 14th 1944. Newspaper reports killed on 7th mission.

Richard S. Durbin. 24. 3403 Franklin Place. Cornell University. Captain. 361st Figher Group. 8th Air Force. Killed in action while serving as P51 fighter pilot on November 9th 1944 in England while returning from his 46th combat mission.

Otis D. Craig. 19. 415 W. 30th St. Staff Sergeant, 445th Bomber Group. Ball turret gunner on B-24. KIA over Germany November 26th 1944.

Bayard V. Ginn. 23. 1804 Washington St. PS Dupont High School. Goldey College. Hercules Powder Company. 389th Bomber Group – Air Force. 2nd Lt. Killed in action over Germany December 12th 1944.

Walter Crowl. 29. 1412 Van Buren. PS Dupont High School. Goldey College. 2nd Lt. Shot down over Bulgaria March 30th 1944.

George J. Murphy. 23. Pusey and Jones. 97th Bomber Group. Had completed 40 missions. KIA over Italy February 14th 1944.

Frank B. Harkins. 22. Westover Hills. 1st Lt. 483rd Bomber Group. KIA in Germany March 22nd. Newspaper reports that parents were long-time executives of Dupont affiliates in South America and had come from Argentina to enlist in Wilmington.

Henry J. Kracyla. 29. 1213 N. Heald. Pusey and Jones. 448th Bomber Group. Tail gunner on a flying fortress. KIA over Engish Channel February 25th 1944.

J. Richard Elliot. Major. 26. Elsmere. Wilmington High School.  West Point Graduate. Killed April 3rd 1945 in Germany while serving as operations officer of a P-38 Lighting Squadron of 1st Fighter group, 15th Air Force in Italy.

 

 

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The Battle of the Atlantic:

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In late 1941 the German Navy had a significant advantage and headstart over the US Navy which had to be reversed if the Allies had a chance of winning in Western Europe. At great cost the U-Boats were cleared out of the Atlantic but not before 3500 Allied Merchant ships and 175 warship were sunk.

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William F. Jerman
. 27. 611 W. 30th St. Youngest captain in City Stars line. Captain of SS Empire, hit by torpedo off Florida on February 22nd 1942.

John Bush. 51. 1113 King St. Ship Master, JN Pew. Hit by German torpedo about 225 miles of Aruba on February 21 1942. 33 dead.

John T. Karschnerr. 36. 1301 Linden St. Owner of Jewelry store at 815 W. 4th St. 4th Cook, SS Coamo, Merchant Marines. Killed in North Atlantic December 5 1942. Ship upon orders of British admiralty exited a convoy to proceed independently 150 miles West of Ireland and shortly after struck by German torpedo. All 186 onboard killed in single greatest loss of life of a merchant crew during World War Two.

Marc McDonald. 22. 207 Madison St. Warner Jr High School. Baldwin Locomotive Works. Oiler, SS La Salle, Merchant Marines. Around 11pm on November 7 1942, unescorted La Salle was hit by one torpedo from German U-Boat 159 about 350 miles off the Cape of Good Hope after a 5 hour chase. The hit ignited the cargo of ammunication and completely destroyed the vessel. All 60 crew killed.

George. H. Foster. 28. 913 Adams. Quarter Master, MS Sun Oil. On April 4 1943, MS Sunoil was part of convey HX-23 but was straggling due to engine trouble. Hit once by Torpedo but armed gaurds forced German submarine U-563 to submerge. 6 hours later hit by 3 torpoedes fired by U-530 and instantly sank. 69 dead, no survivors.

Eli Sheldon. 24. 131 W. 18th St. PS Dupont High School. Dupont Company. Machinist’s Mate, 2nd Class. USS Cythers. Ship was a pleasure yacht converted to Sub-Chaser. One hour after leaving port in North Carolina hit by German torpedo, 71 killed.

Arthur W. Brangs. 25. 704 Jackson St. Sinclair Oil Company. Machinist’s Mate, 2nd Class. USS Shubrick, Navy. Killed on August 4th 1943 near Sicily when German planes dropped a 500 pound bomb on USS Shubrick during a night raid.

Winthrop W. Mellen Jr. 22. 1300 N. Harrison. Ensign, USS Bristol. While escorting convey to Oran, Algeria, USS Bristol hit by 1 torpedo in forward engine room. Broke in 2 and sank within 12 minutes. 52 dead.

Thomas W. Davis. 23. 1208 E. 13th St. Gunner’s Mate, SS John Motley. Hit by bomb on December 2nd 1943 near Italy.

Louis J. Marzie. 21. 312 Cedar St. Killed August 4 1943.

John Sparco. Seamen Second Class. Maryland, Line of Duty.

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Peter Budnick.
22. Southbridge. Pusey and Jones. Gunner’s Mate 3rd Class. SS Kimball, Navy. Lost at sea in North Atlantic, January 16th 1944.

Joseph L. Hoodock Jr. 21. 3021 Madison St. Firemen First class. USS Menges, Coast Guard. One of 31 men killed when ship hit by Torpedo fired by German Submarine U-371 while on convoy in Meditarranean on May 3 1944.

David F. Lougheed. 19. Machinist’s Mate. USS Holder. Killed in action when German planes attached ship during raids off the coast of Algeria on April 11th 1944.

Joseph M. Vignola. 23. 2119 Gilles St. Salesianum High School. Dravo Corporation. Army Air Corps. Killed along with 502 other US soldiers when transport ship sunk by U-Boat in the Mediterranean on June 8th 1944.

John F. Jenkins. 57. 300 W. 36th St. Captain, Merchant Marine. Lost at sea January 2nd 1945 with sinking of US Sunoco due to explosion off coast of New Jersey.

William L. Regan. 24. Motor Machinist’s Mate. USS Frederick Davis. Lost at sea, April 24 1945. Last Allied naval ship lost in the Battle of the Atlantic.

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NEXT:  D-Day and the Normandy Campaign